Suicide

Robin WilliamsADAA mourns the loss of Robin Williams and too many others whose lives have ended due to suicide. His tragic death illustrates the great need for increased public awareness of the grave risk that suicide poses.

"Both depression and anxiety carry a high risk of suicide," says Mark Pollack, MD, ADAA President and Grainger Professor and Chairman, Department of Psychiatry at Rush University Medical Center. "More than 90 percent of those who commit suicide have a diagnosable illness such as clinical depression, and often in combination with anxiety or substance use disorders and other treatable mental disorders."

Suicide affects all age groups, including children. More people die from suicide than from automobile accidents. It was the tenth leading cause of death in the United States in 2011, according to the most recent available statistics from the Centers for Disease Control; that year saw almost 40,000 deaths.

Preventable

Most suicides are preventable, according to the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. "Sadly," says Karen Cassiday, PhD, Clinical Director of the Anxiety Treatment Center in Deerfield, Illinois, "many who are at risk for attempting suicide never receive the treatment they need because of stigma, lack of access to care, or lack of knowledge about their symptoms."

Almost everyone who attempts or commits suicide has symptoms that mental health treatment could alleviate. As Dr. Cassiday points out, "We all recognize the need to wear seatbelts, but how many of us recognize and endorse the need for mental health treatment as part of our national and personal practice of good health?"

The mission of ADAA is to ensure that everyone receives an accurate diagnosis and access to proper treatment so that they live their lives with mental wellness and dignity.

Treatment

Early diagnosis and intervention with appropriate treatment are critical steps to feeling better. Echoing ADAA's mission, Terence M. Keane, PhD, of the National Center for PTSD and the VA Boston Healthcare System, emphasizes this: "If you're feeling depressed and alone, effective treatments are available. Consult a mental health professional today."

  • Contact the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention for more information.
  • Call 1-800-273-TALK (8255) to talk to a skilled, trained counselor at a crisis center in your area at any time (National Suicide Prevention Lifeline).

More Resources

Find a Therapist

Learn about treatment (plus how to choose your therapist)

How antidepressant medications work

Types of depression and relationship to anxiety

Symptoms of depression (includes a link to a site in Spanish)

Resources for Professionals

Ask Suicide-Screening Questions (NIH)

A Prioritized Research Agenda for Suicide Prevention: An Action Plan to Save Lives

After Suicide: A Toolkit for Schools

Suicidal Behaviors (APA)


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ADAA is a national nonprofit organization dedicated to the prevention, treatment, and cure of anxiety, OCD, PTSD, depression, and related disorders and to improving the lives of all people who suffer from them.

 

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