Non-Military PTSD

Dr. Elizabeth Hoge, a psychiatrist at Massachusetts General Hospital, speaks on behalf of the Anxiety Disorders Association of America, about PTSD that affects children as well as men and women who are not in the military. It can occur after experiencing or witnessing a life-threatening event. Rape is the most likely trauma that can end up causing PTSD among men and women. Others include a terrorist attack like 9/11; a natural disaster; serious accidents; personal assault or abuse; or the sudden death of a loved one.

Shooting in Orlando

black-ribbon-website.png ADAA deplores the killing of 49 patrons of a gay night club that took place in Orlando, Florida, on June 12. Our thoughts are with the survivors, family members, and other loved ones who have been affected by this traumatic event, the worst mass shooting in American history.

PROlonGed ExpoSure Sertraline (PROGrESS)

Eligibility Criteria

Must be:

  • Active duty service members or veterans who have combat-related PTSD or Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms
  • PTSD symptoms experienced for at least three months
  • Served in one of the following conflicts: Operating Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), or Operation New Dawn (OND)

Randomized Controlled Trial of Sertraline, Prolonged Exposure Therapy and Their Combination in OEF/OIF/OND with PTSD:

The purpose of this research study is to compare the effectiveness of the antidepressant medication sertraline and a type of talk therapy called prolonged exposure therapy for the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder for OEF/OIF/OND veterans and active duty service members. After medical and psychiatric evaluations are completed, eligible participants are randomly assigned to one of the 3 study treatments:

College-Aged Adults Face Less Mental Health Stigma

College-aged adults (age 18–25) have more accepting views of mental health care than other adults, but they still see challenges when it comes to accessing care, according to results of a nationwide poll. The survey was conducted online among more than 2,000 adults, including 198 age 18–25, by Harris Poll on behalf of Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) and two partnering organizations.

Integrated PTSD and Smoking Treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male and female patients ages 18-65:

  • Daily smoker for at least 3 months
  • Currently smokes an average of at least 8 cigarettes per day
  • Reports a motivation to quit smoking in the next month
  • Meets criteria for current diagnosis of PTSD
Exclusion Criteria
  • Current diagnosis of a psychotic, eating, developmental or bipolar disorder
  • Significant suicide risk as determined by structured interview
  • Psychoactive substance dependence (excluding nicotine dependence) within the past 6 months
  • Limited mental competency and the inability to give informed, voluntary, written consent to participate
  • Current use of any pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy for smoking cessation not provided by the researchers during quit attempt
  • Current psychotherapy directed specifically toward treatment of PTSD
  • Planning on moving (outside the immediate area) in the next 6 months
  • Insufficient command of the English language

Research shows that people with PTSD are more likely to smoke and have trouble quitting than people without PTSD. This study is part of a program aimed at finding out how best to help smokers quit who also have PTSD. One option is to give patients standard smoking cessation treatment including nicotine replacement and cognitive behavioral therapy. Another option is to give patients the standard smoking cessation treatment in addition to treatment for their PTSD symptoms (called prolonged exposure). However, it is not known which method works better.

After a Trauma

After the terrorist attacks in Brussels, Paris, or elsewhere, many people may find themselves struggling with symptoms of anxiety, stress and even posttraumatic stress disorder, or PTSD.

The news of the latest terrorist attacks may trigger anxious thoughts and feelings in those who have experienced or witnessed life-threatening events.